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POLYCYSTIC OVARY SYNDROME (PCOS)

POLYCYSTIC OVARY SYNDROME (PCOS)

POLYCYSTIC OVARY SYNDROME (PCOS)

Polycystic ovary syndrome is a very common and important condition that is seen now a days among various women’s. It is usually caused because of the variation a woman’s hormone levels that causes several issues.
Women with PCOS has a chance to produce higher-than-normal amounts of hormones that are men’s making them a condition where getting pregnant normally is vey hard for them. Because of this hormone imbalance here is a delay in the menstrual periods and thereby makes it harder for the women with PCOS to get pregnant usually like every other women. Along with the difficulty in getting pregnant, PCOS also causes baldness an high hair growth on the women’s body. This hormonal condition is also a cause of diabetics in women’s.

Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS)

Polycystic ovary syndrome is a hormonal condition that is usually seen in women. This is a hormonal imbalance condition where the body of the women’s produce a large amount of male sex hormones which is higher above the required levels.
This also condition where the women’s affected with this disease has a difficulty in getting pregnant because of the hormonal imbalance. This hormonal imbalance is seen in the women between the age of 14-50 years which is usually called as the child bearing age.
In a women who has the condition of PCOS, the ovaries are effected and its ability to produce the female reproductive hormones such as oestrogen and progesterone is seriously damaged. Ovaries also produces a small amount of male reproductive hormones called androgens here. This is a major issues. Ovaries has to produce eggs that is been fused with the male sperm. That is hindered in this case. The menstrual cycle is also been delayed or irregular menstrual cycle occurs in the affected women’s. The main characteristics of of PCOS are:

  • Irregular menstural cycle
  • High levels of male hormones
  • Presence of cysts
Causes of Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS)

Actually the cause of Polycystic ovary syndrome is still unknown to the medical world. It is believed that the reason for this condition is the uncontrolled production of male hormones in the female body that causes certain male characteristics to the female.

Issues of Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS)

The major issue that is related to the PCOS is that it makes the ability to getting regnant in case of a women very difficult. It is very much difficult for a women with polycystic ovary syndrome to get pregnant. There are many other issues that are also caused because of PCOS. Some of them are:

  • Insulin resistance

It is studied that almost 24% of women all across the globe is affected with the condition of PCOS. Among that 24%, 70% of the women has developed a condition called insulin resistance. This is a medical condition caused due to PCOS that the body has a characteristic to avoid the effects of insulin cells.
To the diabetic patients who are taking the insulin medicine, it wont shoe any further development in cutting their disease. Also when the pancreas is in a condition to produce uncontrolled levels of insulin the insulin l3cel in body increases. As a result the ovaries has a tendency to produce lot more amount of androgen tan the required there by causing a hike in the amount of male hormones in the body. Obesity can also be caused through insulin resistance.

  • Inflammation

Being a patient who is affected with PCOS can cause obesity in women. There fore for the women’s who is affected with PCOS has a high chance to inflammation on the body. Their body has much more inflammation than that of a normal persons body.

Common symptoms

Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) has a number of symptoms that can point out the condition. Some of them are:

  • Irregular periods
  • Weight gain
  • Heavy bleeding
  • Hair growth
  • Acne
  • Darkening of the skin
  • Male pattern baldness can be seen
  • Head ache
How to cure Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) ?

PCOS can be cured with the help of proper diet and medication. Having a good diet and taking proper medication will help you to reduce the androgen in tour body can make the ovaries in functioning correctly.
Doing exercise and taking a proper diet will help you to reduce your body weight and thereby your androgen levels in the body. The most common treating methods that can be seen as a treatment for PCOS is the use of birth control pills and the medicines to regulate the menstrual cycle.

Author: Dr. Chetna Jain

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