Diabetes in your little one : Dos and Don’ts

Diabetes is becoming more common around the world, and as a result, diabetes in children is on the rise. Type 1 diabetes affects the majority of children during their youth.

Type 1 diabetes affects around 90% of young persons with diabetes, and the proportion of patients who are children varies by location.

It has been claimed that 17 out of every 100,000 youngsters get diabetes each year. As metabolic syndrome, obesity, and poor diets became more common, so did the first cases of type 2 diabetes, which was previously unheard of. Call and book your appointment with Dr Chetna Jain who is the top gynaecologist in Gurgaon.

diabetes

What causes diabetes in children?

The actual causes of diabetes, in both children and adults, are poorly known. Diabetes is thought to have developed when inherited genetic features were triggered by environmental influences such as nutrition or activity.

However, because many type 1 diabetic children do not have diabetes in their relatives, the specific aetiology remains unknown.

Type 2 diabetes in children is typically induced by an exceedingly poor diet beginning at a young age, combined with a sedentary lifestyle devoid of activity.

What are the signs of diabetes in children?

A number of signs, similar to those seen in adults, may provide early warning that diabetes has developed.

Diabetes may be accompanied by one or more of the following symptoms:

  • Thirst
  • Tiredness
  • Loss of weight
  • Urination on a regular basis
  • Specific symptoms in youngsters may include stomach discomfort, headaches, and behavioral issues.
  • Recurrent stomach pains and an unexplained history of illness should be evaluated as potential indicators of diabetes.

How are children with diabetes treated?

When a child is diagnosed with diabetes, he or she is usually referred to a local diabetes specialist. Most children with diabetes are cared for by their hospital rather than their primary care physician.

Because type 1 diabetes often indicates that the great majority of islet cells have been damaged and insufficient or no insulin can be created, the only certain technique of treating diabetes in children is insulin therapy. Typically, a diabetic care team will design an insulin regimen tailored to the child’s specific needs and habits.

Fast-acting insulin is often taken throughout the day, while slow-acting insulin is used to manage night time levels.

Insulin pumps are also widely used in youngsters. Tiny children may only require a very small quantity of insulin in the initial period following diagnosis, but this will inevitably change as they grow older and larger. Good glucose control is critical in managing all diabetes complications.

The treatment of type 2 diabetes in children is totally dependent on how far their condition has progressed. At an early stage, the illness may be treatable with an abrupt lifestyle change that includes a healthier diet and exercise.

What can parents of diabetic children do?

Keeping a close check on your child’s blood glucose levels and avoiding lows and highs can be a big part of being a parent of a diabetic child. Parents must be aware that children with diabetes must adhere to dietary restrictions and have their activity levels constantly monitored.

Diabetes can be a major strain both at the start and during the course of the disease. Patients and their family should be aware that help is available.

The procedure for disease management and therapy may appear complicated at first.

Understanding how the disease affects your child, as well as being adaptable and patient, are key for successful diabetes management.

Some things to keep in mind are:

You may be required to administer insulin injections at initially, and even if you do not, you should be prepared. There are two major delivery sites, above the abdomen and in the thigh, but your healthcare team will go over the specifics with you.

You should learn about the symptoms of low blood glucose as well as diabetic ketoacidosis. You should be able to recognise these circumstances as well as know what to do if they arise.

Monitor your child’s blood sugar levels and educate them how to do it as soon as they are old enough. Similarly, when children grow older, they must learn how to give themselves insulin shots.

Make sure that everyone knows your child is diabetes and that they know what to do if symptoms of low blood glucose appear.

Make sure glucose is always available.

What kind of diet should diabetic youngsters follow?

  • Diabetics can eat the same foods as everyone else: it is a fallacy that they can only eat foods low in sugar, for example. Diet, on the other hand, is a vitally crucial factor for any diabetic, especially a young diabetic.
  • A dietician can give you more specific advice, but it is critical that your child eats a well-balanced diet rich in complex carbs and fibre.
  • Although you will have to plan your family meals around your diabetic relative, this should not be an issue. A healthy diet is beneficial to everyone.
  • The amount of food that your child can eat is entirely dependent on his or her size and age, and will be determined by the dietician and parents.
  • It is up to both you and your child to understand how their body reacts to various foods and to avoid the ones that are harmful.
  • Sweet food should be avoided at all costs, but it does not have to be completely avoided. Book your appointment for pregnancy with Dr. Chetna Jain who is the gynecologist in Gurgaon near me.

What kind of exercise should diabetic children do?

  • Exercise is the second most essential component in treating type 2 diabetes, and it is critical for all diabetic children. Children with diabetes should strive to exercise every day, according to recommendations. Parents should be advised, however, that physical activity reduces blood sugar levels.
  • It may be required for your child to reduce their insulin dose, as it can dramatically lower blood sugar levels and result in hypoglycemia when combined with exercise. When your youngster is exercising, he or she should be near sugar.
  • Physical activity also has an impact on how much your child can consume.

Book your appointment with Dr. Chetna jain who is the best gynecologist in Gurugram.

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