An obstetrician is an expert in pregnancy, childbirth and the reproductive system of a woman. The other doctors perform delivery procedures but many women prefer to consult an obstetrician, they are also known as OB/GYN (obstetrician-gynecologist). They practice in both the field of medicines. Obstetrician also offers surgical care for women during their pregnancy period and childbirth and they take care of postnatal care as well.
Some obstetricians specialize in maternal-face medicine (MFM). MFM focuses on chronic health problems and abnormal issues of the pregnant women that they face during the time of pregnancy. Maternal-face medicine (MFM) are also considered as the high-risk experts.

Difference between a Gynecologist and Obstetrician

A Gynecologist specializes in women’s health issues related to their reproductive system. On the other hand, an obstetrician cares for the women during their pregnancy and after the childbirth. They also perform baby delivery procedures. Gynecologists are also obstetricians, however, women mostly see a gynecologist for an infection or discomfort in the uterus, genitals or breasts. They also treat the issue related to infertility and contraception.

Difference between a Gynecologist and Obstetrician
    • Your obstetrician monitors your health and your baby’s development, which includes routine ultrasounds, measurements, and tests
    • They advise you about the diet, exercise, and medications you follow to stay healthy
    • Helps you to get through with the morning sickness, back or leg pain and any other common complications related to pregnancy.
    • Addresses your queries about pregnancy and your growing baby.
    • Explain to you the things happen during labor and delivery.
What does an obstetrician treat?

A woman usually consults an obstetrician for routine prenatal care. Your first appointment with the obstetrician usually occurs after eight weeks of your last mensuration periods and once in a month throughout your pregnancy duration. Obstetrician treats the women who are dealing with the high- risk pregnancy, during and after the pregnancy.

    • Symptoms of high-risk pregnancy if you are pregnant
  • You have a chronic health condition.
  • Your age is over 35.
  • You smoke or drink.
  • Carrying multiple babies (twins & triplets)
  • You have a history of miscarriage, preterm labor, or delivery through a caesarean procedure.
  • Develop certain complications during pregnancy that affect you or baby.
Below is the obstetric disease list, that they treat
  • Ectopic pregnancy.
  • Fetal distress.
  • Preeclampsia, which is caused by high blood pressure.
  • Placental abruption (placenta gets detached from the uterus).
  • shoulder dystocia (baby’s shoulders get stuck during childbirth).
  • Uterine rupture.
  • Obstetrical hemorrhage.
  • Sepsis (a life-threatening infection).
When do you see an obstetrician?

You should be looking out for an appointment with an obstetrician if you are pregnant or planning to have a baby. An obstetrician can offer you the prenatal care and with the planning of your pregnancy. You may check and consult with the variety of doctors before choosing the right one for you. While you are searching for an obstetrician you may ask the following questions to your obstetrician:

      • What tests do you need during your pregnancy?
      • Do you attend the birth or the physician on call?
      • How are you going to monitor the baby during labor?
      • What are your views about the natural birth of a child?
      • In what situation you perform the cesarean deliveries?
      • What is the rate of cesarean deliveries in your clinic or hospital?
      • When do you start to consider induction in pregnancy?
      • What is your specific policy around labor induction?
      • What procedures do you perform on the newborn babies? When do you perform them?
      • What type of postpartum follow-up care do you provide?
Obstetric cholestasis

Obstetric cholestasis is also known as cholestasis of pregnancy or intrahepatic cholestasis of pregnancy and it can cause severe itching in your hands and feet. The symptoms of obstetric cholestasis usually appear towards the end second trimester or the third and last trimester of the pregnancy.
The symptoms are intense itching (on palms and soles of the feet), dark urine, jaundice, etc. Obstetric cholestasis treatment usually aims to relieve the itching and prevent any potential complications.

Obstetric fistula

Obstetric fistula is a medical situation when an abnormal opening develops between a women’s genital tract and her urinary tract or rectum. Social isolation, infertility, and depression are the types of complications included in the obstetric fistula. Obstetric fistula treatment involves surgery and catheterization. Obstetric fistula surgery treatment is reconstructive surgery.

Apart from the above, an obstetrician performs the following surgeries and procedures:
  • Cervical cerclage
  • Dilation and curettage (D&C)
  • Episiotomy, a cut is made at the vaginal opening to aid vaginal/ normal delivery
  • Vaginal/ normal delivery
  • Cesarean delivery
  • Circumcision
  • Forceps and vacuum deliveries

Dr. Chetna Jain’s Clinik offers the best specialist obstetrician in Gurgaon (India). Our specialist Dr. Chetna Jain is one of the best obstetricians/gynecologists in Gurgaon (India) for women. Our Clinik offers the best services and has the highest rate of successful treatments for infertility.

Author: Dr. Chetna Jain

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